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Copyright 1917 by Permanent Buildings Society 

When you buy an automobile, 
arrange at once to protect it. In 
addition to first cost, its use- 
value should be considered. If 
the car and garage burn, you 
lose both money and time. 

The garage 'houses your most 
valuable property, in proportion 
to size of buildin g, outside your 

No residence should be built 
of fuel. Heirlooms and keep- 
sakes are often lost even if the 
family escapes injury. 

The contents of the garage 
are most susceptible to fire, and 
usually the loss is complete. 
Protect your car with a fireproof 
garage. Any local mechanic can 
build it or you can do it your- 

Simply follow directions and 
you will find common sense fire- 
proof construction so cheap and 
desirable in every way that you 
will never again build otherwise. 

Build for permanence — start 
with your garage. 



22-4 — This garage accommodates two cars, and while very attractive in appearance, 
simplicity of design makes it inexpensive to build. The hollow tile walls, with 
stucco finish, are permanent, and like the slate roof, require no upkeep. Light 
is admitted from all sides. The plan shows work benches under the side win- 
dows. Electric or gas lights should be placed where most convenient. This 
garage costs little more to build than one for a single car, yet provides space for 
a visitor's machine, storage for garden tools, or room that can be rented. 

Material — 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 646; Walls, 1,354; 

Floor, 542. 



For details of 
this type of fire- 
proof roof write 
us stating size of 
garage you intend 
to build. 

We will furnish 
instructions for 

11-2 — An attractive little garage, of hollow tile construction throughout. Foundation, 
walls, floor and roof are of tile. No garage could be more fire-proof. Accom- 
modates a small car. Can be stuccoed at any time, at small additional expense. 

Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 258; Walls, 525; 

Floor, 208 ; Roof, 382. 



24-2 — Here is an excellent garage in brick and stucco, backed up with hollow tile. 
The doors and windows are trimmed with brick, also the top of the wall, making 
a fine contrast with the white stucco. The plan shows a pit in the floor, which 
is covered when not in use. The floor and roof are of hollow tile. The rain 
water is carried to the rear. See note on page 4 as to roof. 

Material — 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 468 tile and 1,008 brick; 
Walls, 1,200 tile and 2,520 brick; Floor, 612 tile; Roof, 672 tile. 


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13-2 — Here we show a garage with grade entrance facing the street. It is of hollow 
tile construction, faced with brick from the ground line up. The arch over the 
door is of tile, cement plastered and marked to represent stone. This design 
will look well on other locations. In the illustration, the terrace forms part of 
the side and rear walls. See note on page 4 in regard to the roof. 

Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation and Walls depend upon 
location; Floor, 346 tile; Roof, 392 tile. 




22-1— A 20x24 garage for two cars in stucco on hollow tile. The foundation and floor 
are also of tile. At the rear is a flue for heater. Work benches are at either side 
under the windows. Roof is light grey asbestos shingles. 

Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 462; Walls, 916; 

Floor, 612. 



22-5 — A room for the chauffeur is often required where two machines are kept. This 
plan provides such a room upstairs, with two large windows at each end. The 
walls are stucco on hollow tile. The plan provides a separate fire-proof room 
for the heater and the coal bins are under the stairs. The heating - system should 
be hot water or steam. Radiators are placed over the windows on each side, so 
that the pipes will drain to the boiler. A sink with hot and cold water taps is 
shown on the plans. The roof is of slate or asbestos shingles. 

Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 788; Wall, 2,680; 
Floor, 676; Partition, 278. 





■sc/itE in p££x 

23-1— This handsome garage is of hollow tile, faced with brick, and has red Spanish 
tile roof. The wood cornice, doors and trim are painted white. By putting a 
5-inch hollow tile wall in the center, two rooms can be made. The floor should 
be somewhat higher than the level of the ground, giving the driveway a gentle 
upward slope to the garage. 
Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 578 tile; Wall, 1,135 tile 
and 4,9.02 brick; Floor, 617 tile. 



5 X-L, 4* 

Only a rich man can 
now afford to build a gar- 
age of wood, on account of 
the danger of fire loss and 
the certainty of deteriora- 
tion. The man who is 
not financially independent 
can't afford the expense of 
upkeep and the rapid de- 
preciation of a frame 
building. He must put his 
money into a structure of 
permanent materials that 
will not require paint and 
repairs and which will not 
absorb the increased value 
of the improved land. 

12-1 — Stucco on hollow tile makes a pleasing exterior for a garage at moderate cost. 
The asbestos roof, with wide projecting eaves, sheds the water well away from 
the building. The floor is of hollow tile. 

Material — 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 303 ; Wall, 711; Floor, 293. 



Safe Roofs 
Roofs, too, may be 
artistic and still present 
a barricade against fly- 
ing sparks and brands. 
Several varieties of at- 
tractive fire - safe roof 
materials are on the 
market today. Asbes- 
tos, roofing tile and 
slate may be had in 
good, permanent shades 
and colors. 


14-1 — Here is a garage with the main entrance door facing the alley at the rear. The 
view shown is from the house, looking toward the alley. This arrangement is 
advisable where it is inconvenient to cut a driveway from the front. The plan 
shows a small door facing the house. The building is combined brick and 
stucco backed up with hollow tile. The foundations of all garages should go 
below the frost line. 

Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 551 tile; Wall, 879 tile 

and 1,986 brick; Floor, 346. 




31-1 — An ideal low-priced building. It is fire-proof throughout. Permanent hollow 
tile walls, foundation, floor and roof. The laundry also may be used for a work- 
shop. There is an ice house with an eight-inch wall on all sides. This wall has 
two air spaces, giving perfect insulation. The garage door may be hung on 
hinges, or slide on track along the left hand wall. See note on page 4. 

Material— 8x5x12 hollow building tile. Foundation, 924; Walls, 1,719; 
Partitions, 551; Roof, 1,002; Floor, 740. 



Construction Details for 
Sensible Garages 












No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 4 

No. 1 — For the 8 -inch wall footing on the left is used. The bottom course is two rows- of tile laid 
lengthwise. Upon them another row is laid crosswise. This completes the footing and the wall above is 
laid as shown. This footing is also used for the 9-inch wall of brick backed with tile. 

No, 2 — Shows the footing for the 5- inch tile wall. Bottom row laid crosswise, on this a row laid 
lengthwise flat, and the wall completed as illustrated. 

No. 3 — This shows a cheap and good method of placing a sash in a masonry wall without a wood 
frame. The hinges are placed permanently between the blocks hi the lower part of the opening. The sash 
is beveled as shown in the drawing, and the shoulder against which the sash closes is simply plastered 
on the tile after the sash is in place. 

No. 4 — This illustrates a two-sash window in a brick and tile wall. The tile beam is shown, as 
described in No. 5, and also there is a steel angle to support the brick over the window. 








6" Wall 

5" Wall 

No. 5 No. 6 

No. 5 — Over the door and window openings a beam two feet longer than the width of the opening 
is placed. This beam is made by standing tile end to end on sloping plank, placing steel rods in one 
of the air spaces, as shown, and filling both spaces with concrete. Openings 4 feet wide or less require 
two %-in deformed bars. Openings 4 to 8 feet wide require two %-inch deformed bars. These figures 
are for the average sized garage or small building. 

No. 6 — A wall plate on top of an 8-inch wall, made by laying a 2x8-inch plank on the wall and 
extending a %-inch bolt, with a large washer on the bottom end, down between the tile. For a 5-inch 
wall, a 2x4 is fastened in the same manner. The rafters can be cut and nailed to these plates. 

No. 7 — Shows a method of cutting the rafters to bear directly on the tile wall. Nails are driven into 
the sides of the rafters and bedded in concrete. 

No. S No. 9 

No. 8 — ThiB cut shows the method of laying the corners. The corner tile are first stood on a board 

or level ground and partly filled with concrete. 

No. 9 — Illustrating proper laying of brick and tile corner. In the 5-inch tile wall without brick, the 

end blocks are filled as in No. 8. 

Consider These Facts 

Hollow Tile is fireproof. It is good old Mother Earth burned to 
a point that leaves nothing to be feared. 

It provides a dry wall, warm in winter and cool in summer. The 
dead air spaces increase its value in all forms of building construction. 

The first cost is little more than for burnable structures, yet it 
gives you a garage or other building that is absolutely permanent. 

Faced with brick, you secure an ornamental garage at slight addi- 
tional cost — and have a building that will never require paint. 

Stucco on hollow tile gives you another form of permanent build- 
ing, capable of very artistic results, which does not require paint. 

None of these materials is affected by the elements — does not rot, 
rust or decay. It's the best plan to eliminate upkeep at the start. 

Building the garage large enough for two cars is often a good 
plan, because it affords room for storing garden tools, lawn mower, 
etc., accommodates your neighbor's car and is a convenience in many 
ways, yet costs little more originally. 


Every garage should be constructed after a plan that harmonizes 
with or improves the surroundings and adds to the appearance of the 
place. It should be of a type that is safe from fire, requires no expense 
for upkeep, is permanent — a real investment. 

The best method of storing gasoline is to have an underground 
tank outside and a pump inside the garage. 

A brick driveway gives a pleasing effect. Remember that you 
can't drive over the lawn very often without ruining it. 

Choose a location convenient to the house. Especially on the 
farm, convenience to the house is more important than convenience 
with reference to any other building. 


Arrange good surface drainage and be careful in putting in 
sub-surface drainage. See that the driveway is properly drained. 
Have the floor of the garage a little above the ground. 

Temporary, burnable, paint-using buildings are the greatest ex- 
travagance America has produced. Get away from the prehistoric 
idea that fireproof construction is expensive or not to be considered. 
Notice the trend of the times in cities — every office and factory build- 
ing of any consequence is required by law to be of fireproof design. 


The Permanent Buildings Society is a service organization with 
headquarters in Des Moines. The object of the Society is to assist in 
designing and erecting permanent improvements, of the proper type, 
more economically than temporary, burnable buildings, and at the 
same time assure to the owner long-lived, dependable usefulness. 

Remember that the experience and facilities of the Society are at 
your service. Write freely regarding your building problems. We 
shall be glad to help you, without charge. 



Western Brick Company 

Danville, Illinois 

Manufacturers of 

Hard Burned Shale Hollow Tile 

Vitrified Shale Common Building Brick 

and all kinds of 

Smooth and Rough Texture 

Face Brick 

Write to us about our 

"Doric" and "Gothic" Shades of Stippled Brick 

for exterior of any building 

Capacity 100,000,000 per annum